The Andean concept of Sumaq Kausay (harmonious existence/wellbeing) is guiding participatory research and the establishment of the Park biocultural heritage territory, Sumaq Kausay is based on an ideal of balance among three closely connected Ayllus (communities or realms) . Runa Ayllu refers to humans and domesticated crops and animals; Sallqa Ayllu is made up of wild species and spaces; and Auki Ayllu represents the sacred, including mountains, sacred sites, customary laws and ethics. The concept of Sumaq Kausay thus enshrines economic, environmental and social sustainable development goals, with an approach based on principles such as reciprocity, complementarity, and balance.